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Shugend?

July 02, 2011 | by Bronwen and Frans Stiene

Shugend? (also spelled Shugendo) can be loosely translated as “path of training to achieve spiritual powers.” Shugend? is an important Kami-Buddha combinatory sect that blends pre-Buddhist mountain worship, Kannabi Shink? ????? (the idea that mountains are the home of the dead and of agricultural spirits), shamanistic beliefs, animism, ascetic practices, Chinese Yin-Yang mysticism and Taoist magic, and the rituals and spells of Esoteric (Tantric) Buddhism in the hope of achieving magical skills, medical powers, and long life.

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Buddhism in the West

July 02, 2011 | by Bronwen and Frans Stiene

Today Buddhism and Daoism, in forms often quite different from Asian origins, are paths that “westerners” choose to follow. Zen, Tantric Buddhism, and Daoism as spiritual practice in western languages and cultures, are quite different from Asian origins. And, indeed, so it must be, to succeed in any context. The American and European fascination with “Zen sitting” is simply not found in Asia. Zen sitting as a disciplined practice is only used in the training of novice monks in Japan.

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